Jan 23, 2018 | Updated: 09:54 AM EDT

Dead Sea Drought Surprised Researchers' Previous Beliefs

Mar 26, 2017 07:42 PM EDT

Scientists prior belief was changed when they further explored the Dead Sea. 1,500 feet under the floor showed long droughts over the centuries.

Scientists explored almost 1,500 feet below the Dead Sea bed and got surprised on what they have found out. The researchers have found out how the Mid-east suffered drought for over the centuries, Science Daily reported.

The exploration under the Dead Sea bed has shown proof such as the thick layers of crystalline salt while drilling. According to Times of Israel, scientists from six countries at the Columbia University's Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory and scientists who led the study of the found crystal samples. The samples revealed over 200,000 shocking histories of drought in the regions of the Dead Sea.

The around-the-clock drilling started in 2010 that lasted for 40 days and 40 nights. Upon studying the thickness of the salt layers, scientists were also able to determine and understand the drought and precipitation of the Dead Sea, which is very alarming.

Yael Kiro noted that of all the places they studied, the region of the Dead Sea is the most affected area of climate change. Even under natural conditions, the area can be much drier than any other places in the world.

The Dead Sea connects Palestine, Israel, and Jordan and is known as the lowest spot on Earth until today. It has a shoreline of around 1,300 feet below the sea level, while its floor is about 900 feet. The sea is called the Dead Sea for its extremely salty water and its level is dropping four feet a year.

The study further showed the two major droughts that were experienced by the region. These droughts lasted for decades and centuries from 6,000 to 10,000 years ago and the other one is 115,000 to 130,000. Today, the Dead Sea was known to be wasting up due to climate change and a fault of people.

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