Apr 25, 2017 | Updated: 02:22 AM EDT

Archaeologists Unearthed 3,800-Year-Old Tomb Of An Ancient Egyptian Woman In Intact Position

Mar 28, 2017 07:27 PM EDT

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Archaeologists have discovered an ancient Egyptian mummy from the necropolis of Qubbet el-Hawa in southeastern Egypt. The tomb was about 3,800 years old and it was found in a very decent condition. Archaeologists are assuming the mummy is going to reveal much information about the ancient Egypt civilization because it belongs to a woman named, “Lady Sattjeni” who used to be the key figure in the Middle Kingdom.

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Archaeology reported that the body of "Lady Sattjeni" was wrapped in linen and deposited inside two wooden coffins. The inner portion of the coffin was in a very fine condition which allowed researchers to determine which tree was used to make that coffin and its age too.

Lead researcher and the head of the Ancient Egyptian Archaeology Sector at the Ministry of Antiquities, Dr. Mahmoud Afify wrote in his report,“The discovery is of a historic importance because Sattjeni is one of the most important figures in the Middle Kingdom”. According to Mail Online, she was the mother of Heqaib III and Amaeny-Senb.

Around 1800-1775 BC, those two brothers were one of the highest authorities of Elephantine under the reign of Amenemhat III. "Lady Sattjeni" was the daughter of King Nomarch Sarenput II. She had to hold the responsibility of dynastic rights after the death of all male members of her family. She started her ruling in Elephantine since 1800 BC and ranked just below the family of the ruling pharaoh. 

The exploration process at Qubbet el-Hawa was started since 2008. Researchers also found burial of Heqaib III in an intact position who was the elder son of Lady Sattjeni. Archaeologists found that the funerary mask of burials was made from layers of linen or papyrus covered in plaster. Jaén University researcher Dr. Alejandro Jiménez-Serrano who was also part of this exploration explained that as she was a key figure of the local dynasty so, the discovery of Sattjeni's mummy would help to piece together the genealogy of Elephantine rulers.


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