Apr 30, 2017 11:26 PM EDT
After an underwater volcano eruption, possibly all nearby life forms are being washed away but a new life starts growing in the area. A huge mat of hair-like filaments bacteria move in and cover the area of underwater volcanic eruption. What are they? They are the Venus' hair.
According to Phys.org, a group of researchers from different universities in Spain and Italy studied the aftermath of the volcanic eruption of Tagoro underwater volcano, which happened in the year 2011 and 2012. The research study has found colonies of hairy bacteria which live in filaments and are attached to the volcano surface, known as Venus' hair.
Venus' hairs are the first type of bacteria which colonizes after the eruption of a volcano. The research paper has been in the journal Nature Ecology and Evolution. The group of scientists used a vehicle which was operated remotely for studying the volcano and the events that have occurred in the area since the bacteria moved in.
News Scientists reported that genetic analysis of Venus' hair was done by the scientists which showed that the genetic structure of the micro-organism was very different from other know microbes. The most striking factor for these types of bacteria was the ability to grow in such a hostile environment.
Normally, micro-organisms get killed due to the hydrogen sulfide which is released from the rocks after the eruption. But in this case, hydrogen sulfide acts as an energy source for Venus' hair. It is expected that the bacteria started growing at the area of a volcanic eruption as soon as the temperature started dropping down.
Volcanic eruptions are biological reset catches. They enable researchers to perceive how an unpredictable biological system, in the end, rises up out of barren rock. After an eruption ashore, lichens are the principal pioneers. In the water, Venus' hair seems to assume that part. It joins-solidly-to shake, picking up a dependable balance for different microorganisms and marine creature hatchlings. "It's truly acting like a foundation species," says Craig Moyer, a marine microbiologist at Western Washington University, who was not included in the study. The Venus' hair is still cultured in a lab to study its lifestyle.
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