May 22, 2017 02:08 AM EDT
In a new research, scientists from the University of Cambridge and Warwick have developed a one-dimensional metallic material, which is also the world's thinnest metallic nanowire. This development will be very helpful in miniaturizing many electronic components which are used in everyday life.
According to Phys.org, the one-dimensional metallic material is a wire, which composes a single string of tellurium atoms. This single string of tellurium atom makes the wire a true one-dimensional material. The diameter of the wire is extremely thin, in size it is less than a billionth of a meter in a diameter, which is also equivalent to 10,000 times thinner than a human hair.
A single string of atoms, which is used in the development of one-dimensional metallic material, is as little as materials in light of components in the periodic table can get, making them possibly valuable for semiconductors and other electronic applications. Nonetheless, these strings can be unsteady, as their iotas are continually vibrating and, without a physical limitation, they can wind up transforming into some other structure or deteriorating totally.
The Cambridge University researchers reported that epitomizing the nanowires is not just a helpful technique for making the stable one-dimensional metallic material, it might be important to keep them from breaking down. The scientists have likewise demonstrated that it is conceivable to modify the shape and electronic conduct of the nanowires by changing the breadths of the tubes which encapsulates them.
The research report of the development of the one-dimensional metallic material has been published in the journal ACS Nano. Initially, scientists used computer simulations for predicting the types of geometric structures that can be formed in the case when tellurium atoms are injected into nanotubes. With this method, it was discovered that one dimensional wired can be developed in such scenario.
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