Jan 22, 2018 | Updated: 09:54 AM EDT

Muon Experiments: Heavy Cousins of Electrons Magnetic Field Behavior, Providing New Particles Existence

Jun 09, 2017 02:25 PM EDT

Physicists are now turning their attention to Muon Experiments, heavy cousins of electrons in search of new physics. The trials will take place at the Fermi National Laboratory in Batavia, Illinois. Experts are already aware of their previous findings in the form of photons and quarks. The virtual environment might have more particles that are unidentified and muon experiments might shed light as they are sensitive to such virtual soups.

The muon g-2 experiment aims to precisely measure its sensitivity level which eludes scientists for a decade now. Establishing the measurement will allow scientists to reanalyze an existing anomaly that remains questionable and confirm if the anomaly exists. If the status is proven true, then the search for new physics is worthwhile as that anomaly signals new particles.

The muon g-2 experiments at the Fermi National Laboratory begins with a firing of protons at a certain target creating pions. A pion is made up of a quark and an antiquark making it a meson; Pions are the lightest of the mesons, the lightest of the hadrons because they consist of the lightest u and d quarks. The pions travel around a ring until it decays into a muon. These muons function like tiny magnets spinning around its axis traveling along a donut shaped magnetic field.

A muon is 206 times heavier than the electron, it is charged and also considered a charged lepton that is electron-like. The muons are heavy enough for the extraction of energy but remain unstable and with a mean lifespan of only 2.2 microseconds before decaying reports Forbes.

The muon experiment will circle around the magnetic field and eventually will decay and turn into positrons. The positrons will travel along the muon magnetic field. The precision measurement will react with the anomalous magnetic moment, the time of interaction with virtual particles, reports South American.

A theorist at the Technical University of Dresden, Germany and a member of the muon experiment Dominik Stockinger says that the confirmation will prove the existence of new particles that answers the decade-old puzzle.

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