Jul 03, 2019 09:05 AM EDT
Whether it was the Big Bang, Midas or God himself, we don't really need to unlock the mystery of the origins of gold when we've already identified an asteroid worth $700 quintillion in precious heavy metals.
If anything launches this metals mining space race, it will be this asteroid--Psyche 16, taking up residence between Mars and Jupiter and carrying around enough heavy metals to net every single person on the planet close to a trillion dollars.
The massive quantities of gold, iron and nickel contained in this asteroid are mind-blowing. The discovery has been made. Now, it's a question of proving it up. NASA plans to do just that, beginning in 2022.
Veteran miner Scott Moore, CEO of EuroSun Mining, says, "The 'Titans of Gold' now control hundreds of the best-producing properties around the world, but the 4-5 million ounces of gold they bring to the market every year pales in comparison to the conquests available in space."
In the decades to come, if you want to be a gold titan, you'll have to get your feet off the ground. The real titans will be far from Earth. Moore should know: He heads up a junior mining company that is seeking a seat at the titan table with the biggest in-development gold mine in Europe.
Can we actually extract this space gold? That is the quintillion-dollar question, certainly. Speaking to Outerplaces, Professor John Zarnecki, president of the Royal Astronomical Society, estimates that it would take around 25 years to get 'proof of concept', and 50 years to start commercial production.
Of course, it all depends on two key things: Economic feasibility and our advancement of space technology. And then, we're not alone, either. There are other world powers who would like to get their hands on that asteroid, as well. China definitively plans to dominate this race.
Mitch Hunter-Scullion, founder of the UK-based Asteroid Mining Company, says that this is definitively the next industry "boom". "Once you set up the infrastructure then the possibilities are almost infinite," he said. "There's an astronomical amount of money to be made by those bold enough to rise to the challenge of the asteroid rush."
EuroSun's Moore agrees: "What we're doing on the ground now may be impressive, but like everything else, even gold exploration in space is only a matter of infrastructure. We'll get to it, eventually." But it's not just about the quintillion-dollar prospects of the Asteroid Belt, which is 750 million kilometers from Earth.
"This may be the Holy Grail of space exploration for gold, but it won't be the first stop on this adventure," Moore says.
There are also Near-Earth asteroids, which pass close to Earth and could be pushed into an orbit from which water and other elements could be extracted.
Then there's the moon, which holds resources from gold and platinum group metals to Helium-3, water and rare earth metals. Even though mining operations require gravity and the Moon's is only one-sixth of Earth's, scientists say there is enough gravity to make it work.
Yes, there is already a global market for asteroid mining, and Allied Market Research estimates that it will top 3.8 billion dollars by 2025. They're counting ongoing and future space missions, the rise in inflow of investments in space mining technologies, and the growing use of print materials obtained from asteroids in 3D printing technology.
According to Allied, while the spacecraft design segment of this market accounted for four-fifths of the total revenue in 2017 and is expected to continue to dominate through 2025, the big change here will be in the space mining segment, or the "operation segment". That segment is expected to grow at a CAGR of over 29 percent by 2025 "due to a surge in investment by public and private stakeholders in space mining technologies for resource exploitation".
Originally reported by The Sun.
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