Apr 26, 2019 | Updated: 10:06 AM EDT

Earth's Atmosphere: Research Says It’s More Chemically Reactive In Colder Regions

May 22, 2017 02:03 AM EDT

EPIC Observations of Ice in Earth's Atmosphere
(Photo : NASA Goddard / YouTube) Parked in space a million miles from Earth, the Earth Polychromatic Imaging Camera (EPIC) onboard the Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR) captures glimmers of reflected sunlight, evidence of ice crystals in the atmosphere.

Air contains those tiny molecules which have the power of driving the chemical cocktail of the earth's atmosphere. As plants, animals, volcanoes, rapidly spreading wildfires and human exercises regurgitate particles into the climate, some of these atoms go about as clean-up teams that evacuate that pollution.

The fundamental atoms in charge of breaking down all these emissions are called oxidants. The oxygen-containing atoms, basically ozone and hydrogen-based cleansers, respond with pollutants and reactive greenhouse gasses, for example, methane. According to the University of Washington, in the study of earth's atmosphere, it has been found that during the period of large climate swings, these oxidants react in a different manner than it is expected.

The research paper on Earth's atmosphere has been published in the journal Nature on May 18, 2017. The corresponding author of the study is Becky Alexander, who is also an associate professor of atmospheric sciences at the University of Washington. "Oxidants are exceptionally responsive, and they respond with contaminations and greenhouse gasses and tidy up the climate. We needed to perceive how the capacity of the environment to clean itself may change the atmosphere," Becky said.

Science Daily reported that researchers studying the earth's atmosphere first experimented and analyzed slices from the Greenland ice core in the university's chemistry lab. The 100,000-year begins in a moderately warm period, covers a full ice age and closures in the present day, with a few shorter temperature swings. The scientists utilized another technique to get a first since forever perused on changes in climatic oxidants-unstable chemicals that are not straightforwardly safeguarded in ice cores.

In the experiment of analyzing the earth's atmosphere, scientists observed two mechanisms, i.e. high-level circulation and chemical reactions with halogens. Both the mechanisms are suspected for affecting the oxidants in the air during big swings in the Earth's temperature. The funding of the research was done by National Science Foundation.

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