Apr 12, 2019 08:09 AM EDT
In recent research at EuroPrevent 2019, the main message delivered is that no one has to engage in activities they don't like when they want to improve their fitness. The research is the most extensive study to date about cardiorespiratory fitness in healthy people found that moving more is connected to living longer, regardless of sex, age, and starting fitness level.
Dr. Elin Ekblom-Bak of the Swedish School of Sport and Health Science in Stockholm and also the study author said that people believe they have to start going to the gym and exercise hard to get fit. But they don't have to get everything complicated. Most people only need to be more active in daily life including taking stairs, exiting the metro a station early, circling to work, is sufficient for them to benefit health. The mvore you do, the better.
There were about 316, 137 adults aged 18 to 74 years included in the study who had their initial occupational health screening between 1995 and 2015 in Sweden. The study also measures the cardiorespiratory fitness using submaximal cycle test and expressed as maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) in ml/minute/kg body weight. During exercise, this amount is the maximum of oxygen the lungs and heart can provide the muscle. Now people can estimate their VO2 max by using either treadmill tests, submaximal cycle tests, and walking tests.
The study also used the Swedish national registries to get data on all-cause mortality and first-time cardiovascular events (both fatal and non-fatal myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, or ischemic stroke) from 1995 to 2015.
All-cause mortality risks and cardiovascular events dropped by 2.8 percent and 3.2 percent respectively, with each milliliter increase in VO2 max. They were able to see the benefit of fitness in men and women, in all age groups, and at all fitness levels. It was difficult for previous studies because they have been too small to ascertain whether all of these subgroups profit from improving their cardiorespiratory fitness. In the total population, there was no plateau to benefit with some variation between sex, age, and subgroups.
Dr. Ekblom-Bak said that it is especially essential to note that an increase in fitness was beneficial regardless of the starting point. This analysis indicates that individuals with lower levels of cardiorespiratory fitness have the most to gain from boosting their fitness.
There is always a need for fitness for daily activities. Poor fitness can be as detrimental as obesity, smoking, and diabetes even in otherwise healthy adults.
Also, the study author advised that for every extra milliliter of VO2 max there will be an average 3 percent risk reduction of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events.
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