This year has been so tough and the field of science has been put to the test more than ever. It is just right to acknowledge the people who have helped in various developments in science this 2020. Their role in science this year has played a crucial part in critical matters that involved the lives of millions of people.
Below are the top ten people outlined by Nature, highlighting key events of their contributions in science in 2020:
While the world is battling COVID-19, Adi Utarini and her team were focused on battling dengue fever. According to Nature, her team has reported a huge victory towards defeating the deadly infection by managing to cut the cases in parts of a large city in Indonesia by 77%. Her technology in beating dengue is considered the gold standard in clinical research.
Dubbed as "Science's Defender" by an article in Nature, Fauci has more than 40 years of career as an infectious-disease researcher. He has been hailed a hero and at the same time as a murderer by some people. He has guided six US presidents in his career so far.
He became the nation's doctor as he offered guidance to the government in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, and communicates to the public the latest update of the current outbreak. As the country has a new president, he has agreed to stay at NIAID and serve as the new administration's medical adviser.
Literally sat with these ancestors and prayed and had conversation with them yesterday. So grateful to @shanequagay for helping me bring them to life/into my life. https://t.co/RXrcHdJqfB pic.twitter.com/mbn6RWVmi1— Dr. Ethereal Bisexual Chanda Prescod-Weinstein (@IBJIYONGI) December 13, 2020
Chanda is a cosmologist pursuing the nature of the dark while addressing the growing concerns of racism in the field of science. Next year, she is set to receive an award from the American Physical Society for her work in cosmology and particle physics and for her efforts in working towards inclusivity in the field of physical science.
The scientist who contributed to Uruguay having less than 100 deaths from the covid-19— Moises Lopez (@chapoisat) December 15, 2020
Gonzalo Moratorio one of the ten most important researchers of 2020 for the development of a cheap and effective diagnostic test, which helped his country to contain the contagion of the virus pic.twitter.com/ZviovER1Ma
This famous virologist in Uruguay is hailed by countrymen for helping dodge the possible worst consequences of the pandemic in his country. Working as a virologist at the Pasteur Institute and the University of the Republic, he and his colleagues have designed a COVID-19 test and a national program of administering it that helped keep cases of the infection at bay as outbreaks start to sweep countries in Latin America.
Until now, Uruguay continues to record one of the world's lowest death rates with only 87 people by December 10.
New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern (No. 32) vanquished a first and second wave of a virus in her country by implementing strict lockdown and quarantine procedures #PowerWomen pic.twitter.com/Q0cpf7c2c7— Forbes (@Forbes) December 8, 2020
The Prime Minister of New Zealand has received praise not only from her own country but also from people around the world. At a time of a worldwide crisis, Ardern has led her country with decisive action but with compassion. Through her leadership on the five million inhabitants of New Zealand, their country's COVID-19 case remains a rare success story in the pandemic.
New Zealand has now twice stamped the coronavirus outbreaks, limiting the cases to just over 2,000 and only 25 deaths recorded.
Dr. Kathrin Jansen, Pfizer’s head of vaccine research. She and her team just changed the world. pic.twitter.com/rArEeGdmjE— Paul Guidera MD FACS (@PmGuidera) December 12, 2020
As Pfizer's Head of Vaccine Research and Development, she has managed to pull off one of history's lightning speed vaccine development against COVID-19. This record-setting effort showed that Pfizer's COVID-19 vaccine is safe and effective in people. In total, she and her team managed to develop the vaccine in just 210 days which started in April (testing) until the completion of phase III in November.
Li Lanjuan, a famous epidemiologist and member of the expert panel appointed by the Chinese Government, has made great progress in helping prevent and control the outbreak of the novel coronavirus pneumonia. pic.twitter.com/6SXso8tLFj— Cleavon MD (@Cleavon_MD) August 16, 2020
This 73-year-old epidemiologist at Zhejiang University was sent to Wuhan when the outbreaks first started. She ordered the immediate lockdown of Wuhan to control the spread of the virus. Together with respiratory expert Zhong Nanshan, who announced that the virus could spread between humans, their warnings have helped prompt decisive actions.
#BREAKING The World Health Organization (WHO) chief Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus has said:— BigBadDenis 💻💪 (@BigBadDenis) December 11, 2020
“The festive season is a time to relax and celebrate but... celebration can very quickly turn to sadness if we fail to take the right precautions". pic.twitter.com/5YxlTGoUMG
The World Health Organization director-general has won over several public health researchers and practitioners with his approachability, empathy, and hard work. The COVID-19 pandemic has tested his leadership, receiving unsubstantiated criticisms of being biased, and exposing WHO's vulnerabilities as an institution.
He had to navigate the treacherous political waters while staying focused on the COVID-19 "endgame" to ensure that all nations receive the vaccines.
"10 people who helped shape #science in 2020."— MOSAiC Expedition (@MOSAiCArctic) December 15, 2020
🙌🙌🙌 Verena Mohaupt, Polar Patroller and #MOSAiCexpedition logistics expert @AWI_de, is featured in this year's #Nature10 list @NatureNews
📸 Lianna Nixon pic.twitter.com/1ilgIBcHSK
This logistics coordinator joined the largest research expedition in history, known as the Multidisciplinary drifting Observatory for the Study of Arctic Climate (MOSAiC). It was her job to serve as the group's lookout for bears. While she and her colleagues were trapped in a sheet of floating ice, a bear gazed at them, sniffing the air. One of her colleagues fired a warning while Mohaupt immediately radioed their research vessel which was only kilometers away from them. Luckily, a helicopter arrived quickly so Mohaupt did not have to use her rifle against the bear.
"The COVID-19 pandemic has been a global disaster—but it could have been much worse. The saving grace was Zhang Yongzhen," Pardis Sabeti writes #TIME100 https://t.co/9DDVYjp1l0 pic.twitter.com/7OYEqSnnvU— TIME (@TIME) September 23, 2020
When Yongzhen agreed to share the genome of the virus causing the mysterious outbreak in Wuhan, China it showed the whole world that this was a novel coronavirus, similar to the 2003 outbreak. It was an important day as he and his colleagues posted the RNA sequence of the coronavirus before anyone else, informing the whole world of this deadly virus.
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