If you've had thoughts slowly creep into your head without notice that induces anxiety or disturbs you to the core, these might be intrusive thoughts. Despite what many think, intrusive thoughts are very common, but many don't know what intrusive thoughts are and how to cope.
What are Intrusive Thoughts?
In a post co-authored by Sally Winston, a psychologist and Co-Director of the Anxiety and Stress Disorders Institute, on the Anxiety and Depression Associated of America, sudden onset thoughts that cause distress are called intrusive thoughts.
These thoughts are often focused on socially unacceptable images, sexual, violent, or thoughts against a person's belief system.
The silver lining is that most intrusive thoughts hold no significance. They are common and can happen to anyone. Jonathan Abramowitz, a professor of psychology and neurosciences at the University of North Carolina, says, "Everybody has thoughts that kind of go against who they are."
Why Do People Have Intrusive Thoughts?
Abramowitz explains that intrusive thoughts are simply a part of how the human brain works. He explains that intrusive thoughts are similar to a natural exercise for the brain the same way that a person can daydream; intrusive thoughts are subconscious and can come at any time.
The critical point is whether a person can move past their intrusive thoughts or develop rituals to combat them, which can spell the difference between regular intrusive thoughts and dealing with anxiety-driven Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.
Monica Williams, Ph.D., a clinical psychologist at the University of Ottawa, says that a person with OCD tends to have difficulty shaking intrusive thoughts from their head. She says, "Often they'll worry that it is a true representation of hidden desires or a manifestation of possible disasters," she adds that patients with OCD will engage in behavior or rituals to exterminate or reverse actions that they believe are a product of intrusive thoughts.
Winston described people with OCD as having "biologically pre-disposed stickiness" of the mind where whatever thoughts that get stuck in their minds will definitely not be random and are often things that offend the most.
Coping with Intrusive Thoughts
Whether you're having regular intrusive thoughts or believe that these thoughts hint at a bigger problem, there are numerous ways to cope.
Take a Closer Look
Reoccuring intrusive thoughts may have a deeper meaning and may hint at a bigger problem. It's important not to push them away and take a closer look and how your inner world works.
Intrusive Thoughts are not You
When a person fully grasps that intrusive thoughts are inconsequential and are unattached from any intention or outcome, they lose their frightening value. Winston explains that when intrusive thoughts don't matter to the person, they begin to stop worrying and anticipating the intrusive thoughts.
She says, "your level of sensitization goes down because you have less dread and anticipatory anxiety."
Know When to Get Help
Although intrusive thoughts are natural, if it begins to dominate your day wherein you are no longer able to function normally, Abramowitz says it may be time to reach professional help.
He says that if intrusive thoughts are beginning to excite you, makes sense to you, and you begin to agree with them, then it's a clear sign to talk to a professional.
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