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Researchers say that antibiotic resistance now pose a potentially deadly danger to humans. The issue is made more difficult because more and more bacteria are developing resistance to several antibiotics or other drugs.

These antibiotic-resistant drugs can now aggressively move toxins out of the cell before they can do any harm, Phys.org said. This is accomplished by microorganisms via membrane transport proteins. These membrane proteins are members of the ABC transporter family in eukaryotic organisms, such as fungus, that contain a cell nucleus (unlike bacteria, which have not) ("ATP-binding cassette"). They divide the cellular ATP energy transporter to export the hazardous chemicals.

Researchers unveiled their findings, titled "Structure and Efflux Mechanism of the Yeast Pleiotropic Drug Resistance Transporter Pdr5," in Nature Communications.

Science Times - Scientists Discover How to Fight Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria
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Researchers Said Antibiotic-Resistant Germs Bring Toxins

ANI News said a German/UK research team led by Prof. Dr. Lutz Schmitt of HHU's Institute of Biochemistry has published the three-dimensional structure of yeast ABC transporter Pdr5 in various functioning states. These structures were discovered using single-particle cryo-electron microscopy. It allowed researchers to study biological molecules in their native state at very high resolutions by flash-freezing them to extremely low temperatures.

The researchers not only demonstrated that Pdr5 is a key transport protein in generating membrane protein resistance, but they also utilized solved structures to pinpoint the drug-binding site and describe the transport cycle.

The new results assist in explaining how a single membrane protein may prohibit architecturally different compounds from entering the cell or effectively convey them out of it at the molecular level. The results may now be utilized to develop new medicines that are more focused on combating resistance.

ALSO READ: Unique Family of Bacteria Infects Human Body Successfully by Hiding From Immune System, Study Reveals  

How To Avoid Antibiotic Resistance

Antibiotic-resistant germ infections are difficult, if not impossible, to cure, but we can assist prevent the spread of these bacteria. Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria and fungi acquire the capacity to resist antibiotics that were intended to kill them.

An infection is something that no one can fully prevent. However, the CDC has provided some suggestions for lowering your risk.

Use Antibiotics Correctly

When you, your family, or your pet is ill, talk to your healthcare practitioner or veterinarian about the best treatment options. Antibiotics save lives, but they may induce adverse effects and contribute to antibiotic resistance whenever they are used. Learn more about when and why antibiotics are used, as well as when they aren't.

Be Vaccinated

Vaccines are an essential step in preventing diseases, particularly illnesses that are resistant to treatment. Discuss recommended vaccinations with your child's healthcare practitioner, including vaccines for children of all ages.

Wash Your Hands

Keeping your hands clean is one of the most effective methods to avoid infections, illness, and the transmission of germs. The video below shows how washing your hands may help combat bacteria that we come into contact with on a daily basis.

Stay Healthy While Traveling

When going overseas, be cautious. Know what vaccines you'll need, stay up to date on health alerts, eat and drink safely, prepare ahead of time in case you become ill, and educate yourself on the dangers of medical tourism.

Be Aware of Any Health Changes

If you're not sure how to identify the signs and symptoms of an infection, or if you suspect you have one, go to your doctor. If an infection isn't treated quickly enough, it may lead to consequences such as sepsis, a life-threatening medical emergency. Severe diarrhea, lack of appetite, stomach pain/tenderness, and nausea are all symptoms of C. difficile infection. These symptoms are often accompanied by a fever.

RELATED ARTICLE: Superbugs Overcome Drugs Normally Used Against Them; May Help in Developing Evolutionary Medicine to Prevent Antibiotic Resistance

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