Experts have predicted a probable solar storm this weekend due to the advent of a flood of solar winds.

NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) captured photos of the Sun's corona, which shows a big "coronal hole" in the Sun's outer atmosphere.

A rush of "gaseous material" from the hole is expected to reach the Earth between Saturday and Sunday.

X Class Solar Flare Sends ‘Shockwaves’ on The Sun
(Photo: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center from Greenbelt, MD, the USA via Wikimedia Commons)
The sun erupted with one of the largest solar flares of this solar cycle on March 6, 2012, at 7PM ET. This flare was categorized as an X5.4, making it the second-largest flare -- after an X6.9 on August 9, 2011 -- since the sun’s activity segued into a period of relatively low activity called solar minimum in early 2007. The current increase in the number of X-class flares is part of the sun’s normal 11-year solar cycle, during which activity on the sun ramps up to solar maximum, which is expected to peak in late 2013.

Solar Storm Incoming

According to SpaceWeather.com, solar flares might produce minor geomagnetic disruptions in Earth's magnetosphere. The magnetosphere is the region of space where the planet's magnetic field is located.

A constant stream of plasma rushes forth from the Sun's corona, forming solar winds.

Plasma is made up primarily of free-flowing electrons and protons.

The streams can escape the Sun's corona, which may reach temperatures of 1.1 million degrees Celsius.

The source of most solar wind emissions is assumed to be coronal holes.

What an Intense Solar Weather Can Do

The National Weather Service's space weather division is becoming increasingly important. It will continue to grow as we better understand the Sun's physical processes and their effects on Earth and space.

Solar flares, coronal holes, and coronal mass ejections (CMEs) may discharge large bursts of radiation, high-speed electrons and protons, and other extremely energetic particles from the Sun, which are occasionally targeted towards Earth.

ALSO READ: Solar Flare: How Sun Storms Harm Earth's Ozone Layer, Climate [Explainer] 

These particles and radiation may damage satellites in orbit, interrupt GPS, and pose serious health concerns to individuals traveling at high altitudes on Earth and astronauts in space.

Sangeetha Abdu Jyothi of the University of California, Irvine, and VMware Research believes (per Independent) that a bigger number of sunspots will enhance the likelihood of a strong CME. She explained that CMEs generally originate in magnetically active regions around sunspots.

Types of Solar Flares

Solar storms are classified as "G1 Minor" to "G5 Extreme." In layman's terms, experts use a scale of one to five to categorize the said space weather.

Minor storms, according to Express.co.uk, can generate modest power grid oscillations and disrupt satellite operations at the lower end of the spectrum.

Weak storms in the polar areas can also cause auroras by causing atoms and molecules of gas to reach new energy levels.

Extreme storms, on the other hand, have the potential to cause widespread blackouts and communications failures.

Multiple solar flares broke out in power and telegraph control rooms across the world last century, notably in the United States and the United Kingdom.

As a result, the Space Weather Prediction Center (SWPC) in Boulder, Colorado, produces daily space weather predictions and issues warnings to those worried about the repercussions.

Large multinational spacecrafts, including NASA's Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) and the Parker Solar Probe, observe solar flares.

According to Cosmos Magazine, these are part of a "big data" initiative to understand the public's sentiments better.

RELATED ARTICLE: Massive X1 Solar Flare Could Result In Impressive Aurora Lights This Weekend  

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