A study published shows that there is a clear link between a specific bacteria in the human gut microbiome, antibiotic resistance, and neurodegenerative diseases that affect millions of people around the globe.
Neuroscientists refer to the "gut-brain-axis," or GBA is the bidirectional communication between the gut and the brain - helping explain how nervousness gives the feeling of having "butterflies in the stomach."
Organoid technology have allowed scientists to grow 3D tissue structures similar to organs like the heart and lungs. This is the first time that researchers have developed mini-intestine organoids that carry out multiple intestinal functions due to its extended lifespan.
The overall health of astronauts is affected by alterations in the gut microbiome due to space's harsh conditions. Genes can also be altered, such as changes in bone structure and in the immune system.
Researchers have found that certain gut bacteria such as lactobacillus can improve the memory of mice. Although further studies need to be conducted before they can conclude its effectivity in humans, their findings prove to be a promising start.