Infrared (IR) technology is used in various fields to measure temperature, the most frequently measured physical quantity second only to time.
According to an article in Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers volume, it is utilized in astronomy and industrial and research settings for many decades.
The advancements in infrared technology have reduced costs, increased reliability, and resulted in noncontact infrared sensors via mobile and smaller measurements.
Recently, a team of electrical engineers from the University of California San Diego developed a new infrared imager that transforms infrared light into images.
Infrared Imager Converts Infrared Light to See Through Opaque Objects
Tina Ng, a professor of electrical and computer engineering at the UC San Diego Jacobs School of Engineering, and her team have made an infrared imager that can see through smog and fog, map out a person's blood vessels without touching the person's skin, and see-through silicon wafers to inspect the quality of electronic boards.
According to the report of Azo Optics, the imager can detect a part of the infrared spectrum known as shortwave infrared light, which has wavelengths ranging between 1,000 to 1,400 nanometers. It is right beside visible light which is 400 to 700 nanometers.
Unlike thermal imaging which is often confused with shortwave infrared imaging, the latter detects longer infrared wavelengths given off by the body.
Ng's new infrared imager resolves previous problems on infrared imaging technology, such as complex, bulky, and costly systems, and that usually needs a separate display and camera.
The new imager integrated the display and sensors into a single compact device, that is made using organic semiconductors stacked above one another, rendering it safe, flexible, and low cost for biomedical applications. It provides a high-resolution image compared to its inorganic counterparts.
The team published their study, entitled "Organic Upconversion Imager with Dual Electronic and Optical Readouts for Shortwave Infrared Light Detection," in Advanced Functional Materials.
From Low Energy Photons to High Energy Photons
So, how does the device works?
According to the news release of UC San Diego, three of the multiple semiconductor layers are made of a different organic polymer that is a major player in the imager. These are the photodetector layer, organic light-emitting diode (OLED) display layer, and electron-blocking layer.
Shortwave infrared light (low energy photons) passes through the photodetector layer which then generates electricity that flows through the OLED display layer, where it is converted into a visible image (high energy photons).
In between the photodetector layer and OLED display layer is the electron-blocking layer that ensures the OLED display layer does not lose any current to enable the device to produce high-resolution images.
This process is called upversion, but in this case, it is electronic. Study first author Ning Li said that this allows direct infrared-to-visible conversion in a single, compact device. This is unlike the typical IR imaging that is expensive and bulky.
Furthermore, the infrared imager is efficient to use in optical and electronic readouts, making it multifunctional. Researchers said that the new device would also be applicable in helping autonomous cars in bad weather ad inspecting silicon chips for defects.
They are now working on improving the efficiency of the new infrared imager.
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