The Deepwater Horizon oil spill in 2010 has left marine life in the region still feeling the impacts of the devastating effect, particularly the oysters that developed debilitating tissue abnormalities called metaplasia.
With the increase of Arctic shipping activity in the Canadian Arctic, researchers simulated the effects of an oil spill in the Rankin Inlet showing the devastation to the environment and indigenous communities.
Cleaning oil spills and preserving marine life has been challenging with the disastrous oil spills and expansion of oil exploration. For years, scientists have been developing eco-friendly ways to clean up oil pollution and protect marine life.
A startup from Benin has found multiple solutions to get rid of water hyacinth weeds, an invasive plant that has disturbed local communities. The plant is converted into a fibers that can be used to absorb oil spills.
The US government's continued open access to drill oil in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge could harm natives hunting as well as animal populations like caribou and wolves. Animals like birds and polar bears are also vulnerable to oil spills.
Bunker activity such as cargo ships refueling remain a major threat to the remaining African penguin population in South Africa. Disturbances such as minor oil spills may be the end of the penguin population which all other species are dependent on.